MOTHERS AND BREASTFEEDING

Mothers and breastfeeding are very important things.  Mothers must breastfeed their children in order to grow optimally and always maintain their health.  Because there is no comparable food to replace breast milk/food.

UNDERSTANDING OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING

  1. Breast Milk is a fatty emulsion in protein, lactose and inorganic salts secreted by the mother’s mammary glands, which are useful as food for the baby.
  2. Exclusive breastfeeding is breastfeeding without food and other supplementary beverages in infants aged 0 to 6 months.
  3. Even water is not given in this exclusive breastfeeding stage.
  4. Breast milk/food in sufficient quantities is the best food in infants and can meet the nutritional needs of infants during the first 6 months.
  5. Breast milk/food is the first and main natural food for the baby so as to achieve optimal growth.
  6. In 2001 the World Health Organization stated that exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months of life is best. Thus, the preceding provision (that the exclusive ASI is four months) is no longer valid.

HOW TO ACHIEVE EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING

WHO and UNICEF recommend the following steps to initiate and achieve exclusive breastfeeding by breastfeeding within one hour after birth Exclusive breastfeeding: only breast milk/food. That is, no added food or other drinks, even water. Breastfeed whenever the baby asks (on-demand), as often as the infant wants, day and night. Do not use bottles of milk or pacifiers.

Eating milk by pumping or blushing by hand, while not with the child and controlling emotions and thoughts to calm down.

UNDERSTANDING OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING

After the exclusive breastfeeding of six months, it does not mean breastfeeding is over. Along with the introduction of food to the baby, breastfeeding is still going on, should breastfeed two years according to WHO recommendations.

Breastfeeding as baby food has the following virtues:

  1. Breast milk is a good natural food for babies, practical, economical, easily digested to have the composition, the ideal nutrient according to baby’s digestive needs and abilities.
  2. Breast milk contains higher lactose compared to artificial milk.

In the intestine, lactose will be fermented into lactic acid. which is useful for:

* Inhibits the growth of pathogenic bacteria.

* Stimulate the growth of microorganisms that can produce acids organic and synthesize some types of vitamins.

* Facilitate the occurrence of calcium-cassienate deposition.

* Facilitate the delivery of herbagai types of minerals, such as calcium,

magnesium.

  1. Breast milk contains protective substances (antibodies) that can protect the baby during the first 5-6 months, such as Immunoglobin, Lysozyme, Complement C3, Complement C4, Antistapiloccocus, Lactobacillus, Bifidus, Lactoferrin.
  2. Breast milk does not contain beta-lactoglobulin which can cause allergies baby.
  3. Breastfeeding process can establish a psychological relationship between mother and baby.

Another Benefit of Breastfeeding 

In addition to providing well for the baby, breastfeeding with a baby can also provide benefits for mothers, namely:

  • A sense of pride from mom, that she can give “life” to the baby.
  • A closer relationship due to the close natural contact of the skin, for psychic and emotional development between mother and child.
  • With breastfeeding for the mother’s uterus will contract which can lead to sized return before pregnancy
  • Accelerate cessation of postpartum bleeding.
  • By breastfeeding the mother’s fertility becomes reduced for several months (pregnancy rationing)
  • Reduce the chances of breast cancer in the future.
  • Increasing the length of postpartum fertility return, so
  • Giving distance between children is longer aka delay the next pregnancy
  • Because delayed menstrual returns, breastfeeding mothers do not require a lot of substances during menstruation
  • Mother slimmer faster. Research shows that nursing mothers six months slimmer than half a kg of mothers who breastfed for four months.

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BREASTFEEDING SKILL

Breastfeeding skill is very important for a mother. As important as keeping her baby stay healthy.  Many breastfeeding problems (nipple pain, small amounts of breast milk/food, or uncomfortable mothers in breastfeeding) can be solved by improving basic techniques in breastfeeding, especially in correctly positioning the mother and baby.

Mother’s Position

Sit down comfortably. Look for the most comfortable position when sitting on a chair, or rocking chair, or armchair. Even sitting on a mattress leaning against a wall or mattress.

Place the pillow behind your back, and under the arm that will provide support when the mother holds the baby. This is to get the best position and condition for breastfeeding process.

Use footstool or footing when the mother is sitting, especially when using a high enough chair.

Mother can also lean on the back in bed.  Keep in a position facing the baby by using pillows as a buffer head, neck, back upper legs.

Baby Position

Breastfeeding preparations are very good to do. By wearing simple clothes on babies or even not wearing clothes, to increase contact with mothers.

Lay the baby in the mother’s arms, with the position facing the breast. The position of the neck in the folds of the arm. The body lying along the arm and butt held by the hand.

After that turn the baby’s body in such a way that the baby’s position against the mother’s body.

The baby’s body position should be in perpendicular to the mother’s body, do not rotate the baby’s neck to reach the mother’s nipple.

If the baby’s position is not high, use a pillow to support the arm.

Position the baby’s arm well, the forearm is positioned under the breast and the upper arm when disturbed can be withheld using the thumb of the arms that carry.

Breast position

The first thing to do in preparing breast before breastfeeding. Manually massage the breast to get a few drops of breast milk on the nipple, this will moisturize the mother’s breast.

Hold the breast, the burden of the breast is held with the palms of the hands and fingers beneath and the thumbs on it.

Keep your fingers away from the areola area, so stay away from the area where the baby sucks milk, it aims to avoid contamination.

Starting breastfeeding:

Bring your baby’s mouth to the damp nipple, then massage the baby’s lips gently to stimulate the baby’s sucking reflexes.

When the baby’s mouth is open, immediately attach the baby’s mouth in the middle of the breast and close the baby tightly to the mother’s body.

Make sure the baby sucks up to the breast areola instead of the mother’s nipple, with this pain in the breast during breastfeeding can be avoided.

Make adjustments to the baby’s breathing rhythm.

When the baby has been sucking milk/breast food well then make sure we set the position of the breast well, hold the weight of the breast with the hand so that the breast weight does not entirely burden the baby’s mouth and lips.

The last important thing is when we will stop breastfeeding, do not pull the baby’s mouth from the breast when the baby is still sucking. So stop before the baby sucking and then keep the baby from the breast slowly, it aims to stop the breastfeeding does not hurt the breast, which can result in pain until breast infection.

Thanks for your attention.

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