Mineral water or water in the body among them serves to keep fresh, help digestion and remove toxins. However, you know, there are many benefits that are water from water, in addition to the pleasure of freshness. Drinking Water treatment is very important to keep the availability of fresh water for everyone to stay alive every day.
Many people who do not know the efficacy of water other than to eliminate thirst alone. Water can also cure various diseases in an easy and inexpensive way. The benefits of water are to facilitate the digestive system, helps slow the growth of cancer-causing substances, beauty treatments, for fertility, heart-healthy, as a drug stroke, relaxation effects, body straightening, fitter body, and body balancing.
Water Treatment is Growing Fast
Water treatment is growing very fast, has changed the paradigm of life in the modern society. The use of uncooked drinking water is not a new thing anymore. The trend of instant living in all lines stimulates scientists from all over the world, to create practical technology, both in process and in the final use of the product, of course with the guarantee of quality standards and excellent health.
Healthy water according to the World Health Organization (WHO) is water that is free from any outbreaks of both visible and invisible germs. From the definition can be simplified that healthy water is water that does not cause a person when consumed it becomes ill. That can be interpreted as a sense of healthy water from the aspect of Microbiology, said Ir. Angga Yuhistira Aryanto, Deputy Quality Manager (Deputy MM) Technology Laboratory and Environmental Management Department of Industrial Engineering.
Apart from that aspect, healthy water must also be seen from the physical and chemical aspects. Physical aspect, according to him, healthy water can be tested by organoleptic test or can be done in a simple way that is by using our five senses. An organoleptic test can be demonstrated by watermarks that are odorless, tasteless and colorless or clear in appearance, obviously Ir. Anga.
While from chemical aspect, healthy water can be seen the content of organic chemical elements and inorganic chemistry The easiest is to see the pH level and dissolved solids content. That’s according to him has been made easier by the government by making standards for drinking water.
There are several ways of drinking water treatment, among others, as follows
Processing is done in the form of storage from water obtained from various sources, such as lake water, river water, well water and so on. In this storage, water is left for several hours in place. Then there will be a coagulation of substances contained in the water and finally formed deposits. The water will be clear because the particles present in the water will also settle.
1.Water Treatment by Screening
Simple water filtration can be done with gravel, fibers, and sand. High-tech sand filtering is done by PAM (Drinking Water Company) whose results can be consumed publicly.
2.Water Treatment by Adding Chemical Substances
The chemical used can be 2 kinds of chemicals that function for coagulation and ultimately accelerate the precipitation (eg alum). The second chemical is to disinfect (killing the seeds of the disease in the water, for example, chlorine (Cl).
3.Water Treatment with Air Flowing
The main purpose is to eliminate the unpleasant taste and odor, eliminating unnecessary gases, such as CO2 and also raising the acidity of water.
4.Water Treatment by Heating Up to Boiling
The goal is to kill germs found in water. Processing of this kind is more appropriate only for small consumption for example for household needs. Viewed from consumers, water treatment in principle can be classified into 2 namely:
- Drinking Water Treatment for the Public
- Rain Water Shelter. Rainwater can be accommodated in a dam (artificial lake) built on the participation of local communities. All the rainwater flowed into the lake through the water channels. Then around the lake is made a good pump or dug well to the public. Rainwater can also be accommodated with ferosemen tubs and nearby roofs are built to collect rainwater. Around the basin were made outlets for public water retrieval. The good rainwater from the well (lake) and the reservoir is bacteriologically not guaranteed for it then the obligations of families to cook it themselves for example by boiling the water.
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