Causes of diarrhea

The causes of diarrhea are usually associated with an unclean environment. Also unhealthy environment. Environmental pollution caused by poor waste management. And the habit of defecating in rivers and open waterways is still comm

Understanding diarrhea

According to WHO (1999) clinically diarrhea is defined as

  1. more defecation than usual. More than three times a day, accompanied by consistent changes of stool (into liquid) with or without blood.
  2. Clinically differentiated between three kinds of diarrhea syndrome are acute, acute, dysentery and persistent diarrhea.

Meanwhile, according to the MOH RI (2005), diarrhea is a disease with signs of changes in the shape and consistency of the stool, which softens to melt and increases the frequency of defecation is usually three or more times a day.

Acute diarrhea is limited as an increase in frequency, increased fluid, or increased amount of stool removed, but it is very relative to the patient’s habit and lasts no more than one week. If diarrhea lasts between one to two weeks then it is said that prolonged diarrhea (Soegijanto, 2002)

Causes of diarrhea

Diarrhea occurs due to stimulation of the autonomic nerves in the intestinal wall causing reflex to accelerate peristaltic intestine, this stimulation can be caused by:

  1. Infections by pathogenic bacteria, eg E.Colie bacteria
  2. Infection by typhoid (occasionally) and cholera bacteria
  3. Infection by viruses, such as stomach influenza and ‘travelers diarrhea
  4. As a result of worm diseases (roundworms, tapeworms)
  5. Food and drink poisoning
  6. Nutritional disorders
  7. The effect of certain enzymes
  8. The influence of nerves (shock, fear, etc.)

Some behaviors that may increase the risk of diarrhea in infants, namely (MOH RI, 2007):

  1. Not fully breastfeeding the first 4-6 months of life. Infants without breastfeeding are at greater risk of developing diarrhea than full-breasted infants, and possibly more severe dehydration.
  2. Using a bottle of milk, the use of this bottle facilitates contamination by germs because bottles are difficult to clean. Use of bottles that are not clean or have been used for hours is left in a hot environment, often causing severe intestinal infections because the bottles can be contaminated by germs/bacteria that cause diarrhea. So that toddlers who use these bottles are at risk of infected diarrhea.
  3. Store food cooked at room temperature, if food is stored for several hours at room temperature, food will be reflected and germ will multiply.
  4. Using contaminated drinking water.
  5. Do not wash hands after defecation and after disposing of stool or before eating and feeding the child.
  6. Do not throw stool properly, often assume that the stool is not dangerous, but actually contains a virus or bacteria in large quantities. In addition, animal feces can also cause infection in humans.

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