The Diarrheal disease is one of the most environmentally-based diseases. It is still the biggest health problem in Indonesia. It is due to the poor condition of basic sanitation, physical environment and low behavior of people to live clean and healthy, and there are many factors that cause diarrheal disease.
Environmental hygiene is very influential on health in general. The facts show us that:
1. The number of environmental diseases that attack the community due to lack of clean surrounding environment.
2. And also bad habits that pollute the environment. This can cause diseases carried by impurities in the environment freely either directly or indirectly through intermediaries.
3. Diarrhea is a disease that has been known since the time of Hippocrates. Until now, diarrhea is still one of the main health problems of Indonesian society.
4. Diarrhea is a dangerous disease because it can lead to death. Also can cause extraordinary events (KLB).
5. The main cause of death of diarrhea is dehydration that is as a result of the loss of fluid and electrolyte salts in stool diarrhea (MOH, 1998). The state of dehydration if not immediately helped 50-60% of them can die.
6. About the management and prevention of diarrhea, the most important is the parent role.
7. The level of knowledge of parents about diarrhea in infants is very influential in an arrangement and prevention of diarrhea itself.
8. Knowledge of parents with the incidence of diarrhea in infants can be obtained from various sources. Such as mass media, counseling health teams, the environment and from various other sources.
During this time the perception that often happened in the community about diarrhea is due to the removal of waste substances. The waste does not require treatment because it will heal by itself. Or it may also appear perception if the toddler does not go away from diarrhea. Then the mother’s orientation always wants her child immediately can defecate normally suggestions without taking into account the adverse effects of diarrhea drugs that are not an appropriate use.
Human behavior factor
Human behavior factor itself is less understanding of the importance of a clean and healthy life. Also due to the poor sanitary conditions basic physical environment. And low attitudes and behavior of people to live clean and healthy so it is needed a study to evaluate the level of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of society in the prevention of home diarrhea.
Therefore, by studying the behavior of this society is expected to be a guide in our daily lives of the importance of clean. And the importance of healthy living. And also the importance of immediately take treatment measures for people who have been infected with diarrhea.
Thanks for reading.