Young women need to understand the importance of nutrition for pregnancy. Especially those who are planning a pregnancy. So that the pregnancy is healthy and gives birth to a healthy baby too.
Nutrition is a process by which organisms use food normally consumed through digestion, absorption, transport, storage, metabolism and discharge of substances not used to sustain life. Growth and normal function of the organs, and produce energy.
Not a single type of food contains all the nutrients, which can make a person to live healthy, grow and productive. Therefore, everyone needs to consume a variety of foods, except infants aged 1-4 months who simply consume breast milk only. For infants aged 1-4 months, breast milk is the only single food that is important in the process of growing baby fair and healthy.
Consuming diverse foods is very beneficial for health, especially in pregnant women. Foods that are diverse are foods that contain many nutrients needed both quality and quantity. In the event of a deficiency in the completeness of a nutritional apparatus in the type of food will be supplemented by similar nutrients from other foods, so that diverse foods will ensure the adequacy of sources of energy substances, builders and regulators for pregnant women and fetus in the womb.
Balance Food and Nutrition for Pregnant Women
Food and nutrition is a balance diet that contains enough carbonhydrate and fat as a source of energy, protein as a source of builders, and vitamins and minerals as regulatory substances. Nutritional needs will increase during pregnancy, but not all nutritional needs increase.
Basically the food menu in pregnant women is not much different from the menu before pregnancy. Therefore, it is expected that there is no difficulty in the menu settings during pregnancy. During pregnancy, expectant mothers need more nutrients in women who are not pregnant, because the food of pregnant women is needed for themselves and the fetus in it, if the fetal limited mother’s food will still absorb the mother’s food supply so that the mother becomes thin, weak, pale, broken teeth, hair loss and others (Purwita Sari, 2009).
- Similarly, when eating a mother is less, fetal growth will be affected.
- Especially if the mother’s nutritional status in the period before pregnancy has been bad as well or malnutrision.
- This situation will result an abortion, LBW, preterm birth or even a born baby will die.
- At the time of delivery may result in prolonged labor, bleeding, infection, and other difficulties that may require surgery.
- Conversely, excessive food will lead to excessive weight gain, large babies, and can also lead to the occurrence of preeclampsy (toxicity of pregnancy).
- And if you eat less mother, then repaired after the baby born deficiency that is experienced when in the womb can not be completely repaired.
Maternal food before and during pregnancy plays an important role in the availability of essential fatty acids in fatty tissue deposits of the mother. Type of fatty acids such as:
- Omega 3 fatty acids, linoleic fatty acids, consisting of eikosapentaenoate (EPA) and decosahecaquenoic acid (DHA). Omega 3 fatty acids in pregnant and lactating mothers affect the membrane of nerve cells, affecting brain function for growth and development of placenta and fetus. Also preventing asterosklerosis and coronary heart disease.
- Omega-6 fatty acids, linol fatty acids (LNAs), which in the body are converted to arachidonic fatty acids that help to grow and fetal babies as well as the fetal skin of mothers, fetuses and infants.
- Maternal pregnancy should provide essential nutrients for the growth of children and themselves.
- Nutritional needs in pregnant women are receiving much attention from various committees across the country.
- In the developing countries including Indonesia, nutritional problems are still a major health problem and are the cause of maternal mortality during childbirth.
- Likewise during pregnancy, malnutrition becomes the most dangerous moment in her life.
Some negative facts
- In rural areas many pregnant women with malnutrition about 23%.
- In general causes of malnutrition in pregnant women is to consume food that is not met by the recommended nutritional requirements.
- Also the distance of pregnancy and childbirth are too close.
- Pregnant women with low education level and less knowledge will cause maternal mortality to be high.
Thanks for reading.